Essay About Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe is an intelligent orphan who had a difficult childhood. Nevertheless, that didn’t stop him from writing poems and short stories, particularly mystery tales. During his years of living, as stated in the Top Ten on the Poe Parade, “At twenty-seven, he married his cousin, Virginia Clemm, who was thirteen at the time. Due to family objections, it was a secret ceremony.” Although not related to her husband, my grandmother also got married at a very young age. Where I came from, at the time being, no law prohibited the marriage of a 7-year-old girl and a 20-year-old man. The author assumes that his audience will understand why Poe felt it was okay to marry a girl that was 14 years younger than him. The author provided the era in which Poe lived in (1800) and during this time such things as child marriage were permissible.
According to the guide, the family objected to the marriage of the two. I agree with them. Whether they disagreed due to age difference or the two being relatives, the ceremony had to be in private because they wouldn’t tolerate it. There are consequences to child marriage. It can hinder the girl’s health, educational, and social development. There’s a high chance of the girl getting pregnant and her body isn’t equipped for a child yet which leaves her at a higher risk for death. The girl is 13 years old which means that she doesn’t even have a full education to go on. This also forces her to grow up faster because she now has responsibilities that she didn’t have before which alters her social life. Therefore, I second the family's decision to object to their marriage.
Even if by some miracle she’s able to overcome these consequences, it wasn’t orthodox of them to marry each other given that they were related. I argue their marriage because of their relation to one another. In the modern world, marrying someone of your bloodline is known as incest and it is prohibited. I don’t believe it’s ethical to the human eye. Not to mention, it’s not biblically permitted nor is it morally righteous. I find it disgusting and repulsive to marry someone from a branch of my family. Besides, wouldn’t an individual want to extend their family tree rather than making it complicated for the other family members?
In conclusion, after reading Poe’s Parade, I aspire to advocate against child marriage given the consequences. An average person becomes an adult at 18 and until then, the human brain is fragile. With that being said, child marriage can cause a traumatic experience for these children (typically girls) which can be avoided with the prohibition of child marriage. I also aspire to forbid marriage within my family tree. I understand, in a way, we’re all family but at the end of the day, there’s a limit on who you can and can’t marry. I want to be able to experience something outside of my culture therefore, incest isn’t an option. I aspire to change the view of those that believe child marriage and incest are tolerable 2020-04-14 04:17:39
The Impact of Chronic Stress on the Aging Process
Stress is a common affliction in the United States. According to the American Psychological Association (APA), 77% of Americans report that they regularly experience physical symptoms caused by stress, 73% regularly experience psychological symptoms caused by stress, and 33% live with extreme stress. When a person experiences extreme stress over prolonged periods of time, it can negatively impact their physical and mental health (APA, 2015). Recent research has focused on the impact of chronic stress on health and the aging process. Overall, studies examining telomere length as a measure of cellular aging have indicated that chronic stress accelerates the aging process by shortening the length of telomeres. Many of these studies have provided evidence that developing healthy coping strategies might slow the aging process at a cellular level.
Aging can be defined as a gradual decline in physiological functioning, leading to an age-specific decrease in survival and reproductive rates (Bronikowski & Flatt, 2010). There are multiple mechanisms that contribute to this decline such as DNA damage, telomere shortening, epigenetic changes, and loss of protein homoeostasis (Mc Auley et al., 2017). Rates of aging vary widely and are influenced by the interactions of multiple components throughout the lifespan, such as biological, psychological, sociocultural, and lifestyle factors (Cavanaugh & Blanchard-Fields, 2015). While the process of aging is complex (Mc Auley et al., 2017), a growing body of research has indicated that exogenous factors such as chronic stress could accelerate aging by shortening telomeres.
Stress is a physiological response within the body’s nervous and endocrine systems that can cause mental, emotional, and physical strain which results from adverse or challenging circumstances (Cavanaugh & Blanchard-Fields, 2015). In short bursts, moderate amounts of stress are considered normal and even beneficial. Stress can be helpful when it motivates a person to meet a deadline or avoid a dangerous situation. However, frequent exposure to stress over a prolonged period of time is classified as chronic stress. Chronic stress can be triggered by a number of things such as relationship problems, work stress, financial strain, chronic pain, traumatic experience, and mental illness (APA, 2015). Chronic stress can cause damage to the sympathetic nervous system and can weaken the immune system, thereby increasing the risk of contracting contagious diseases and developing chronic illnesses and cancer (Cavanaugh & Blanchard-Fields, 2015).
Telomeres are protective DNA and protein structures on the ends of chromosomes that support chromosomal stability within the cells (Ornish et al., 2013). Each time a cell divides, the telomere shortens (Cavanaugh & Blanchard-Fields, 2015). The shortening of telomeres is considered to be a measure of cellular aging, so telomere length is often used as a representation of biological aging (Yen & Lung, 2013). When telomeres get too short, the cells do not function properly and begin to age (Sibille et al., 2012). Research has suggested that chronic stress may play a role in the shortening of telomeres, leading to accelerated rates of biological aging (Cavanaugh & Blanchard-Fields, 2015).
In their 2012 study, Sibille et al. examined the relationship between chronic pain, stress, and leukocyte telomere length. Prior to their study, no other research had investigated the impact that both chronic pain and perceived stress had on cellular aging. The researchers recruited thirty-six participants between the ages of 47 and 75. Half of the participants suffered from chronic knee pain and the other half did not. Each subject completed a health history questionnaire, health exams, and scales measuring levels of chronic pain, perceived stress, and depression. Subjects provided blood samples which were analyzed to measure leukocyte telomere lengths.
The researchers hypothesized that subjects with a combination of chronic knee pain and high stress levels would have shorter telomeres than all other subject groups (i.e., chronic knee pain with low stress levels, no pain with high stress levels, and no pain with low stress levels). After analyzing the data, the results of the study indicated that there was no significant difference in telomere length between subjects with chronic pain and the subjects without pain. Interestingly, the researchers did find differences in telomere length between participants with low and high stress levels, regardless of chronic pain presentation. Participants with a combination of chronic pain and high stress levels had significantly shorter telomeres than participants with no pain and low stress levels. Their findings suggest that rates of cellular aging could be accelerated by a combination of chronic pain and high levels of stress.
Some studies have also indicated that chronic stress can have fatal consequences. In one study, Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Brzyski, Florek, and Brzyska (2013) investigated the mortality rates of older adults who experienced job-related stress. They recruited seven-hundred twenty-seven participants, all randomly sampled from a cohort of 65-year olds living in the same Polish community. Of the participants, four-hundred ten were female and three-hundred seventeen were male. Participants were interviewed at their homes using structured questionnaires to collect information on occupational history, health status, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction. Mortality rates were determined by monitoring death records over the subsequent seven years. I had trouble doing my essay. But what a luck, I’ve found this social work research topics list. I’ve read so many samples of assignments there, and it helped me to create my own one.